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Home > Topics > 70th VJ DAY
70th VJ DAY

1.China Expeditionary Army soldiers jumped out of their trench to charge at the enemy.


2.Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army


3.On 19 May 1938, Chinese victory in Taierzhuang against more than 10,000 Japanese troops dealt a heavy blow on the Japanese invaders and raised the Chinese people's morale in the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression.

Left: Li Zongren in command on the front

Right: The Japanese troops fled from Taierzhuang


4.In May 1944, Chinese Expeditionary Army crossed Nujiang River and counterattacked the Japanese invaders in western Yunnan Province. The photo shows the commanders of Chinese Expeditionary Army and Allied Forces reconnoitring the enemy position and working out the battle plan.


5.Japanese invaders established an internment camp for foreign civilians in Weixian County in March 1942, where 2,008 civilians were forced to stay.


6.In Weifang City, Shandong Province on 17 August 2005, 67 survivors and their families from the US, UK, Canada, Austria, etc. gathered in front of the site of the Weixian Camp where they had been imprisoned to mark the 60th anniversary of liberation.


7.Heads of government of China, the US and the UK at the Cairo Conference in December 1943, where they jointly issued the Cairo Declaration. The Cairo Declaration explicitly stipulated that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese shall be restored to China. From left to right: Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Soong May-ling.


8.The Potsdam Conference, which concluded on 2 August 1945, laid the foundation for the defeat of Japan and the construction of the new world order after the war. It had great impact on the development of the post-war international relations. The photo shows the room where the Potsdam Conference was held.


9.In Washington on 1 January 1942, representatives of 26 allied nations, including China, the US, the UK and the USSR, signed the Declaration by United Nations.


10.The surrender of Japan on USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945.


11.Japanese bombing of Zhabei, Shanghai on 28 January 1932.


12.On 28 January 1932, the Japanese troops invaded Shanghai and were met with strong resistance from the 19th Route Army in the Battle of Shanghai. The 5th Army was dispatched to Shanghai as reinforcement to the 19th Route Army. The photo shows officers and soldiers of the 261th brigade of the 5th Army signing the oath of "fighting the enemy till death" before leaving for the front.


13.The 115th divisions of the Eighth Route Army ambushed the Japanese invaders in Pingxingguan in the autumn of 1937.


14.Mao Zedong gave a speech entitled On Protracted War in Yan'an in May 1938, in which he pointed out that the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression would be a protracted one and the final victory belonged to China.



15.The four-month long Battle of Wuhan started on 12 June 1938, the end of which marked the beginning of a strategic stalemate in the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. The photo shows Chinese troops attacked the enemy with mortar fire.



16.On 20 August 1940, the Eighth Route Army launched the well-known Hundred Regiments Battle behind the enemy line in north China, an area that spanned 2,500 kilometers. The Battle dealt a heavy blow on the Japanese troops. The photo shows the machine gun position of the Eighth Route Army during a fierce seven-day battle at Shinao Mountain in Shanxi Province.



17.The War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression got support from across the world. Canadian Dr Norman Bethune came to China and performed surgery on wounded Chinese soldiers in the base on the borders of Shanxi,Chahar and Hebei .



18.Michael Lindsay, British lecturer at the School of Economics of Yenching University, went to the Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei border region in 1941. The photo shows Lindsay answering questions from trainees during an advanced training course on radio technology run by the Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei military command.



19.In 1942, to reinforce the British armies besieged by Japanese troops in Myanmar, Chinese Expeditionary Force joined the Burma Campaign. General Joseph Stilwell of the US Army suggested the opening of a land route for transporting military supply to the Chinese forces. A road was built and is known historically as the Stilwell Road. The photo shows US Army motorcade on the Stilwell Road (a section in China).



20.From the beginning of 1943 to the victory of WWII and the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in 1945, more than 6,000 civilians from over 10 countries, including the UK and the US, had been imprisoned in the civil assembly centers in Shanghai for about 32 months.



21.On 15 August 1945, Japanese Emperor Hirohito announced Japan's unconditional surrender by broadcasting the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War. The photo shows a joint military and civilian rally in Yan'an to celebrate the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression.



22.In Nanjiang on 9 September, 1945, Yasuji Okamura handed the surrender instrument to He Yingqin(left), who represented the Chinese government.



23.In the summer of 1945, the World Anti-Fascist War entered its final stage. The photo shows Japanese troops surrendering their arms to the army led by Chinese Communist Party.



24.On 27 November 1950 Wu Xiuquan (front), special envoy of the People's Republic of China, at the UN Security Council meeting.

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